Papers

Currently four papers on the Ormulum are available on the net in full text:
  1. ‘Overwriting, Deletion and Erasure: Exploring the Changes in the Ormulum Manuscript’. I spent the spring of 1997 in Oxford, where I was granted access to the MS for four weeks. A general account of my work work there, and some observations on Orm's working habits appeared in Jestin’ (Journal of English Studies in Norway) 1997, vol. 2:21-29.
  2. ‘Old English versus Old Norse Vocabulary in the Ormulum: the Choice of Third Person Plural Personal Pronouns’. A preliminary report on Orm’s use of heore and þe33re appeared in Studies in Anglistics, ed. by G. Melchers and B. Warren, 1995:171-180. A revised version is available here.
  3. ‘On the time-depth of variability: Orm and Farmon as h-droppers’. A preliminary report on h-dropping in the Ormulum as well as in Farmon's glosses in the Rushworth Gospels appeared in Language Structure and Variation, ed. by M. Ljung, 2000:107-119. A revised version is available here.
  4. ‘Bread, Crumbs, and Related Matters in the Ormulum’. In Selected Proceedings of the 2005 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX), ed. by R. W. McConchie, Olga Timofeeva, Heli Tissari, and Tanja Säily, 2006:69-82. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project. The electronic version is available here.