Stages in the Revision Process
A text extract from the Ormulum will be shown in six different versions, reflecting the
successive stages in Orm’s revision process. For
a description of the how the text has been coded
to represent the original manuscript in HTML, please refer to the coding conventions. As you proceed through the
text, a marker () indicates the passage that Orm revised next.
By clicking the marker you will make the next stage
in the revision process appear in the opposite frame.
The text extract, which is taken from columns 31 and 32, as well as Inserted
leaf 5, in MS Junius 1, contains a description of the Holy of Holies in
the Temple of Jerusalem, and of the rituals performed there by the High
Priest on the Day of Atonement.
To view two successive versions of the text at a time, please
follow [this link]
To view each version of the text in parallel with this description, please
follow the links given below.
The text is first displayed as Orm initially
wrote it (black on screen). [Version 1]
In the following displays we can then see how the text changes as Orm
revises and edits it. The following stages can be discerned:
Deletion of references to the table of showbread
bræd); replaced by references to an oferrwerrc (a ‘superstructure’,
i.e. the Mercy-seat, a golden covering placed upon the Ark of the Covenant)
(vertically in outer margin (2 places); red on screen).
Insertion within the first oferrwerrc addition of a mention of the
Latin name (propitiatoriumm) of the oferwerrc plus an explanation
of its etymology (Inserted leaf 5; blue on screen).
Deletion of references to effigies of seraphyn; replaced by more
verbose references to cherubyn (horizontally in bottom margin (2
places); dark green on screen). [Version 4]
Deletion of the formula Swa summ þe boc uss kiþeþþ;
replaced by the contextually more apt Wel & wurrþlike
(vertically between columns; magenta on screen).
Corrections: a) þe boc changed to soþ boc; b)
sellfenn as a nominative form corrected to sellf (with compensatory
addition of a monosyllabic word in each case (himm and þær,
respectively)) (horizontally next to deleted item; light green on screen).
NB! I have not as yet been able to determine the internal ordering of a)
and b), so for the time being they are lumped together under 5. [Version